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USDA supply and demand estimates prove bearish for pork production
 
USDA’s January production and price estimates were bullish for grains and bearish for meats. The USDA supply and demand estimates (as of Jan. 11) changed the forecast for 2013 pork production from down 1.7 percent compared to last year to up 0.2 percent. USDA changed their beef production forecast from down 5 percent to down 4.3 percent. Broiler production in 2013 is now predicted to be down 0.4 percent rather than down 1.3 percent. Their forecast of turkey production changed from down 3.2 percent to up 0.3 percent. Total red meat and poultry production in 2013 is now predicted to be 1.3 percent lower than in 2012 rather than down 2.6 percent. With more red meat and poultry production expected, USDA increased their estimate of feed and residual for grains by 395 million bushels.

The national average negotiated carcass price for direct delivered hogs on the morning report today was $79.62 per cwt., down $3.42 from last Friday (Jan. 4). The Eastern Corn Belt was $1.59 lower than last Friday (Jan. 4) at $79.05 per cwt. The Western Corn Belt averaged $81.70 per cwt., Friday morning (Jan. 11) and Iowa-Minnesota had a morning price average of $82.11 per cwt. Peoria, Ill., had a live top of $53.50 per cwt., on Friday (Jan. 11). Zumbrota, Minn., had a top on Friday (Jan. 11) of $56 per cwt. The top for interior Missouri live hogs Friday (Jan. 11) was $57 per cwt., down $2.25 from the previous Friday (Jan. 4).

The Thursday afternoon (Jan. 10) calculated pork cutout value was $83.47 per cwt., up 37 cents from the previous Thursday (Jan. 3). Hams and belly prices were higher, but loins and butts were lower. The pork cutout value is 64 cents per cwt., lower than a year ago. The national average hog carcass price this morning is 95.4 percent of the cutout value.

Hog slaughter this week totaled 2.284 million head, up 16 percent from New Year’s week and up 3 percent compared to the same week last year. Since the first of December, hog slaughter is 0.6 percent below the level implied by the market hog inventory.
The average barrow and gilt live weight in Iowa-Minnesota last week was 276.3 pounds, up 0.5 pound from a week earlier, but down 1.7 pounds from a year ago. This was the 15th consecutive week with weights under the year-ago level.

Livestock futures were sharply lower on Wednesday (Jan. 9) with the release of USDA’s Broiler Hatchery report. Because of high feed costs, most analysts have been expecting poultry production to be down in 2013. But, USDA says the number of broiler-type eggs set the week ending Jan. 5 was up 1.6 percent from a year ago. This was the fourth consecutive week with eggs set above the year-ago level.

Friday’s (Jan. 11) close for the February lean hog futures contract was $84.20 per cwt., down $2.02 from the previous Friday (Jan. 4). April hog futures ended the week $2.73 lower at $87.12 per cwt. May hogs settled at $94.80 per cwt.; June hogs at $96.50 per cwt. Nearby corn futures ended the week back above $7.

The views and opinions expressed in this column are those of the authors and not necessarily those of Farm World. Readers with questions or comments for Ron Plain or Scott Brown may write to them in care of this publication.
1/16/2013